The operation of databases from different manufacturers is similar, but there are many differences between them, even at level of SQL syntax.
For example, if you knows Oracle, and one day you have to do a date conversion with MySQL, you will wonder the following:
- How to do a TO_DATE () / TO_CHAR () with MySQL?
I open this blog entry to discuss different ways of doing things with each database type.
Here I link the SQL Tips Bristle Software , which explains quite well how to do some things with MySQL, Oracle and SQL Server, and I find especially useful the chapter on differences between Oracle and SQL Server
In order to access to the same database where are you working outside the database server you must activate the service called listener, it has to be listening.
It can happens that the database is properly raised and can not connect from other servers, which are also set correctly (correct TNSNAMES, etc.)..
In these cases could be that the listener has a problem, or simply has not been initiated.
To Check the status, start or stop it is very simple. Just open a command line session (console terminal, etc..) with the user that has installed the database, and run the lsnrctl command with the following parameters:
Check your state:
> lsnrctl status
Stop the listener:
> lsnrctl stop
Start the listener:
> lsnrctl start
Keep in mind that when you stop the listener, the connections that are already in the database won't be closed, so a short stop is not very traumatic, only connections trying to enter while the listener is stopped are rejected, should not affect anyone who already has an opened session.
If you have the system user who installed the database you can enter SQL Plus as DBA user, without entering a password as follows:
1. Enters the system with this user.
2. From the command line, go into SQLPlus typing:
> sqlplus "/as sysdba"
If you need to enter using this way because you forgot the password of a user, you can easily change it:
SQL> alter user user_name identified by new_password;
It can be more than one Database installed on the server, so you have to validate that the environment variables of the Oracle's user are pointing to your database.
For verifying that you has login into the correct database you can execute this statement:
SQL> select name from v$database;
The easiest way to access from an Oracle database objects from another Oracle database is using a DBLINK (being the easiest does not mean that it is always the most desirable, the abuse of DBLINKS can create many problems, both of performance and safety)
To do this it's necessary a user with CREATE DATABASE LINK privilege, and create a DBLINK in the source database (A) by a simple statement such as:
Create database link LNK_from_A_to_B connect to USER identified by PASSWORD USING 'B';
'LNK_from_A_to_B' is the name of the link, 'USER' and 'PASSWORD' are the IDs of the user who will use the link to connect, which will inherit the permissions of all access through the link, and B is the name of the database's instance.
Using the DBLINK we can connect to the objects with the remote database's permissions that user has been provided in the creation statement.
To reference an object from the remote database should indicate the name of the object, concatenated with the character '@' and the name that we had given to the DBLINK.
select * from TABLA@LNK_from_A_to_B
Great video showing through the use of social media an original story of Jesus' birth at Christmas.
Besides being fun, it's a good way to make a quick tour of the main features of Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Google, Wikipedia, Google Maps, GMail, Foursquare or Amazon ...
How times change:)
Redgate has organized a contest for DBA's with a spectacular prize: A space trip!
The winner will be the first DBA to go into space. A very original initiative. If you want to apply, visit the page www.dbainspace.com
If you take part, count with my vote
This is the promotional video of DBA in space:
MySQL has some special features when making a connection from a remote client that if we do not know can complicate access to a MySQL database from a different machine that hosts the database.
With other databases such as Oracle or SQL Server, once that no firewall or anything like that prevents us from the client machine access to the server, using normally data acces from a database user we can 'enter'.
With MySQL, although access to the port, usually 3306, is open, the database can be configured to shut out external connections, and the result is the same as if the port was closed by a firewall:
telnet mysql.dataprix.es 3306 Trying 126.96.36.199... telnet: connect to address 188.8.131.52: Connection refused telnet: Unable to connect to remote host
If you get this result should consult the file /etc/my.cnf, and checking for bind-address variable or skip-networking.
If skip-networking is and is not discussed, edit the file and delete it, or make a comment to have no effect and allow external connections:
At the Web Congress in Barcelona, I attended a workshop on Open Data in wich Martín Alvarez Espinar, W3C Spanish Office's head, and Jordi Graells i Costa, coordinator of content and innovation of the Generalitat de Catalunya, explained what is the international initiative Open Data, and how it is developed in concrete projects in some communities of Spain, as Asturias and Catalonia.